Cars 5 Fluids Every Car Needs for Smooth Functioning

5 Fluids Every Car Needs for Smooth Functioning

Do you know the importance of fluids in keeping a well maintained car? Just like our body requires plenty of water to keep us hydrated, similarly a car too requires certain fluids to keep its functioning smooth. Moreover, retaining the right amount of liquids is equally vital for its overall condition. If the car fluids drop below the required level or even worse dry out, they can simultaneously increase your repair costs. While generally car maintenance may not be every person’s cup of tea, keeping a check on the car’s fluid is pretty much simple.


Engine Oil:

The engine is the heart of the car, hence the engine oil is the most important liquid for a car’s efficient performance. The oil helps in greasing the moving components of the engine’s crankcase, which further assists in reducing the high heat and friction caused by the engine operations. If the engine does not get the required oil, it is likely to stiffen up making it futile. To keep your engine in a good shape you need to check the engine oil every month and replace it as per the guidance of your car’s owner manual or manufacturer’s recommendation.

Brake Fluid:

The brake fluid determines the safety of those travelling in the car. This particular solution is the major element present in your car’s brake line system which uses the hydraulic pressure to make the car stop. The brake fluid has a tendency to leak from the brake line and this may compromise the control you have on your car. Therefore, the significance of this fluid cannot be overlooked and it should be checked often by examining the brake fluid reservoir on the driver side of your car. Have a look at the container and check if the oil color is golden or brown. If the color is brown it definitely needs a replacement.

Transmission fluid:

The transmission fluid lubricates the gears of your car to ensure that they are in perfect order. The transmission liquid can be checked in the same way you examine the engine oil with the only difference being that the car engine must be running when you do so. You cannot afford for the transmission liquid to go below the set level as it is part of a closed system. The fluid needs to be checked monthly, and if its color is brown or you feel burnt smell then it needs replacement.


True to its name, the coolant performs the task of preventing your car from heating up and transferring the heat elsewhere. The coolant is an equal mix of water and specialised radiator coolant. The coolant revolves around the engine, absorbing all its heat and transmitting it to the radiator.  If your car runs low on the coolant it is expected that your car will overheat. To check this fluid you need to remove the radiator cap and do so when the car is cool. If the coolant is not up to the given line then you should add some to it. The coolant should be checked every 6 months and restored every 2 to 3 years.

Power-Steering Fluid:

As the name suggests, this fluid is responsible for proper steering of the car. This fluid is pressurized by a small pump powered by the engine and it aids the steering mechanism in turning the car effortlessly. When the steering wheel starts making squeaky noises you know that the fluid needs replenishment and can be refilled by lifting the hood and finding the reservoir. This fluid needs to be checked every month and should be replaced after 50,000 miles.

So make sure you stay alert on checking these fluids to give your car a healthy long life and avoid any major maintenance and repair costs.